A BUSINESS’ EQUILIBRIUM is a point that will provide entrepreneurs with units to be sold to match with the income.  The main goal of people running a business is to turn a profit.  However, one thing that people need to keep in mind is that business is full of risks; it is full of ups and downs that individuals need to be ready to adapt to and overcome.  In order to ensure that your business is not operating on losses, you must monitor your equilibrium point regularly and not let the amount of money in your operating budget drop below it.

When the company is at or above the equilibrium point, it should be able to pay for all expenses and leave the business owner with something to take home as profit.  The problem many businesses face is that they don’t know when they are at equilibrium.  Believe it or not, there are very few entrepreneurs who know the exact moment when their business is making profits.  In general, when you are able to pay your employees and suppliers, and clear expenses, then you can say your business is at a good operating ground.

Calculating the equilibrium point of a business can be rather challenging, depending on the size and complexity of your finances.  

At equilibrium, the total costs of the company are at the same level with the revenue.  

This is a point where the company is neither at profit nor loss.  Above the equilibrium are profits, and below it are losses.  As the equilibrium point will help you know the returns of your company, this is a very crucial point that will help you realize the fruits of your hard work.  This point comes in data form and the data needs to be tangible.

For you to calculate the equilibrium of your business, there is some crucial information that you need to have at hand.  The first thing is to know the fixed costs, variable cost, number of units produced, and the amount of revenue received from the units sold.  On a graph, the fixed costs will be on the horizontal axis (across) together with the variable costs.  This is because the two are involved in production.  On the perpendicular axis (up and down) will be the benefits the company has harnessed from selling units produced.  A point where the variable costs and the benefits of the company intersect is the equilibrium point.

Emerging from the blue line (equilibrium line) indicates the total turnover of the company and, where it has to intersect with variable costs is the balance point of the company.

There are many benefits of knowing the equilibrium of your business as it is what will see you start an activity in your business.  Before you start any activity, you will have to know the minimum bill you need.  The bottom line is that you need to balance costs so that you don’t make losses.